As oil production environment changes, requirements on the connection strength and sealing performance are much higher in deep well, ultra deep well, high-pressure gas wells, thermal production wells, extended reach wells and complex formation structure wells.
API round thread sealing type has poor performance, the connection strength of threading section is only 60%-80% of tube body strength. Although the strength of API buttress thread is higher while its seal performance is very poor.
Most of the premium connection used in China are imported, only few companies develop and produce such product. The research of premium connection started from Vallourec in 1960s, until now there are more than 30 companies which has developed similar connection, with more than 100 patented products, which are suitable for various conditions of drilling and production. Premium connection were widely used more than 22% of total OCTG, more than 60% in Europe.
To meet the requirements both on the connection strength and sealing performance, ChangBao developed CB series premium connection. At the same time Changbao cooperated with some oversea companies and developed various premium connections which can be used in various service environment. Changbao premium connections for tubing and casing have been applied in many domestic oil field such as Daqing, Jilin, Dagan, Changqing, Xinan, Shengli, Jidong. Overseas Rosnel, Lukoil, Petroecuador, TNK-BP, Ecopetrol, PDVSA and other oil companies have also applied Changbao premium connections.
Definition method of Changbao premium connection:
CB+Function Code+Series Code
CB=Abbreviation of Changbao
IJ=integral joint tubing
HTHP=High Pressure and High Temperature
Series Code: Use number 1,2,3 to represent different type of same category.
Patented premium connections of Changbao:
CBS1、CBS2、CBS3（Qualified by ISO 13679-CAL IV test）；CBS3－HC； CBX；CBIJ；CB-EU-HT；CB-SF；CB-FJ；CBTS；
Cooperatively developed connection: Flush-Max，Flash-MaxⅡ/Ⅲ, Super-Max, Super-Max TS/TS2, MO-EU-PA, MO-CSG-PA，GEOCONN
Grade which can be applied to premium connection
Premium connection developed by Changbao can be produced by any steel grade.
Independently developed premium connection
Structural feature of CBS1
Considering about the requirement of domestic and overseas oil and gas well development, Changbao CBS1 premium connection has the features as following:
1) High connection strength – with coupling connected
2) High threading connection strength is – BC thread (8 tooth per inch for tubing, 5 tooth per inch for casing)
3) Excellent sealing performance – Bi-metallic sealing
4) No eddy current and scouring – Inner diameter smooth transition
5) Excellent anti-gluing performance – Coupling thread and sealing surface are electroplated by copper beryllium
Deep Well, Ultra Deep Well, High-Pressure Gas Well, Directional Well, Complex Formation Well and other oil gas wells which required high connection strength and sealing performance.
Parameter and Performance of conventional dimension tubing and casing with CBS1 premium connection
Column A in Gas Tightness is the test result according to API RP 5C5 3.3.4 (Final interior pressure cycle & thermal cycle test, thermal cycle temperature is 177℃), column B is the test result according to TGRC1（Gas tightness test on the condition of bending、stretching, bending 20°/30m, combined stress reach 85% of pipe body yielding Pressure)
Performance and Application
Our tubing and casing with Changbao CB110S-13Cr premium connection has been used in CO2 corrosive gas well of CNPC, the performance is listed in following table.
Service environment: Formation pressure 41.4-43.2MPa, formation temperature 122-140°C, CO2 concentration in average 26.77 %, the total mineralized degree of formation water 1215.4-13775.3mg / L, Chloride ion concentration is 3438.9 mg / L.
Cooperative development of Integ-max premium connection
Integ-max premium connection is developed by Changbao and Japanese company Metalone.
This premium connection is mainly used in work of abandoned well, well difficult going in the hole
and big slant well (for example the third biggest Russian oil field TNK-BP), normally used on the
connection part of small size casing and tubing.
1).Size scope: 60.32-114.3mm
2).Upset end finish – Outside upset end finish ensures the
3).Integral joint – Steel tube applies integral joint without
4).Double shoulder sealing – The design of double shoulder
resistant excessive torque, ensuring the sealing performance
5).Apply Non-API BC thread, oriented surface 45 degrees,
bearing surface 2 degrees
6).Good bending, gailing performance
7).The surface of box and pin has been treated with
phosphating or sandblasting
Bending model analysis
1. Step does not open under bending load down
1) Contact with steps index (SCI) to verify the steps are closed or open:
SCI(ksi-inch)=contact pressure×steps width
2) As long as SCI is positive steps is closed
2. The connection on the axial stress unyielding
Directional well, complicated stratal configuration wells require the oil and gas wells with high
connecting intensity and sealability
Abandoned well repair mining
Deep well, ultra deep well, gas well
Tensile yield load=80% of pipe body yield strength
Resistance to compression=80% of pipe body yield strength
Thread seal connections, the mother buckle and male buckle double shoulder seal may also play a
role in sealing function
3.Composite loading capacity
The use of reverse torque and right angle torque shoulder combination, make joint resistance to
compression, bending, torsion resistance ability, at the same time in bending and composite loads,
can still maintain the shoulder on the surface pressure
4.Smooth design can effectively reduce the gas or liquid in the pipe flushing and turbulent flow
phenomenon, reduce the energy loss and erosion.
5.High bending resistance, reached at 45dls/30m
6.Anti-collapsing meets the requirement of API Anti- collapsing pressure
INTEGMAX performance characteristics: